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    Nepal  

Basic data
Land area: 147,181 sq km

Population: 22.7m (2001 census)

Main towns: Population in '000, 2001 estimates (Central Bureau of Statistics)

Kathmandu (capital) 671.8
Biratnagar 166.6
Lalitpur 162.9
Pokhara 156.3


Climate: Temperate (harsh with extreme cold at high altitudes)

Weather in Kathmandu (altitude 1,337 metres): Hottest month, July, 20-29 C (average daily minimum and maximum); coldest month, January, 2-23 C; driest month, December, 3 mm average rainfall; wettest month, July, 373 mm average rainfall

Languages: Nepali (official). There are other national languages and English is widely used in commerce

Measures: Metric system; local units also used include 1 seer=0.933 kg; 1 maund=40 seer; 1 ropani=0.05087 ha; one bigha= 0.6773 ha

Currency: Nepalese rupee (NRs)=100 paisa. Effectively pegged since 1993 to the Indian rupee at a rate of NRs1.6:Rs1. Annual average exchange rate in 2002: NRs77.88:US$1. Exchange rate on April 7th 2003: NRs75.80: US$1

Fiscal year: July 16th-July 15th

Time: 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT


Nepal Basic Electricity Data
Total Installed Capacity 388 MW
Total Hydro Power 330 MW
Small Hydro Power  
Conventional Thermal Power 50 MW
Renewable Energy  
Nuclear Energy  

 

 
 
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