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Land area

3,287,263 sq km ,including 57% agricultural land and 16% forest


1.046bn (mid-2002)

Main towns

Population in millions, 2001 census

Mumbai (Bombay) 16.4

Kolkata (Calcutta) 13.2

Delhi 12.8

Chennai (Madras) 6.4

Hyderabad 5.5

Bangalore 5.7


Varied; humid subtropical in Ganges basin, semi-arid in north-west, tropical humid in north-east and most of peninsula, tundra in Himalayas; all areas receive rain from the south-west monsoon in June-September; the south is also served by the north-east monsoon in January-March

Weather in New Delhi (altitude 218 metres)

Hottest month, May, 26-41°C (average daily minimum and maximum); coldest month, January, 7-21°C; driest month, November, 4 mm average rainfall; wettest month, July, 180 mm average rainfall


Numerous languages, including Tamil and Hindi, are used; English is widespread in business circles and as a second language


Hindu (82% in 1991 census); Muslim (12.1%); Christian (2.3%); Sikh (1.9%); Buddhist (0.8%); Jain (0.4%)


Metric system. Numbers are often written in lakhs (100,000) and crores (10m)


Rupee (Rs)=100 paise. Average exchange rate in 2002: Rs48.61:US$1. Exchange rate on June 16th 2003: Rs46.56:US$1

Fiscal year

April 1st-March 31st


5 hours 30 minutes ahead of GMT

India- Basic Electricity Data
Total Installed Capacity 111777 MW
Total Hydro Power 25140 MW
Small Hydro Power 423 MW
Conventional Thermal Power 82510 MW
Renewable Energy 1270 MW
Nuclear Energy 2860 MW


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